Even Latin we have to go back because it is in that language where we find the etymological origin of the term that we are now going to study. Specifically it is the result of the union of two words: thought, which comes from the verb I will think which is synonymous with thinking, and abstract, which comes from abstractus. An east word that is composed of the prefix abs-, which is equivalent to "separation", and by word tractus which can be translated as "stretch."
He Abstract thinking supposes the ability to assume a mental framework voluntarily . This implies the possibility of changing, at will, from one situation to another, of breaking down the whole into parts and simultaneously analyzing different aspects of the same reality, for example.
In this way, abstract thinking allows us to discern common properties, plan and assume drills, and think and act symbolically . These skills are usually damaged in subjects suffering from mental disorders such as schizophrenia .
A mental pathology is that we have just mentioned that is characterized fundamentally by the fact that the person who suffers it has not only alterations in what is the scope of perception but also in what is reality itself.
Abstract thinking differs from formal thinking , which is based on real experiences. The individual grows on concrete objects. Only after the age of twelve begins to replace objects with ideas or own concepts. Therefore, it can be affirmed that formal thinking is reversible and internal.
Through an unconscious process, the Teen is able to think abstract, postulate hypothesis and prepare mental experiences to check them out. Abstract thinking presents a propositional character , which consists of using verbal propositions to express the hypotheses and reasoning together with the results obtained.
Many are the scholars who have approached the subject of abstract thinking. Among all of them, however, it is worth highlighting the work done by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget who, among other issues, established that this is achieved at approximately twelve years of age. A moment in which a human being has passed the stage of concrete thought and is open to develop and explore abstract thought.
For Piaget it is at that moment when a person in question is absolutely prepared, both in general and his brain in particular, to proceed to formulate all kinds of abstract thoughts.
It should be noted that the language It is the means by which it is possible to think the representations of real objects. Abstract thinking is based on formal schemes , which are units of thought through which knowledge is represented. The schemes enable prediction and allow the subject to accommodate the demands of the environment and integrate the new information.
Finally, we can establish that, for all this, abstract thinking is fundamental in any human being because thanks to it it has the capacity to deduce, extrapolate what has been learned to any other situation, compare or draw conclusions.