Resettlement is the process and the result of repopulating (populate something again). The verb can be used with reference to plant again species that used to be part of a land and now, no. In this way, when talking about afforestation, reference is being made to a reforestation .
For example: "Tomorrow will be a day of reforestation in the mountains", "The neighbors demanded the mayor to promote a repopulation of trees to beautify the park", “The repopulation of forest regions affected by fire should be a priority”.
In general, the idea of repopulation associated with reforestation is linked to those lands that, in the near past, presented certain species that have now disappeared due to the overexploitation , a natural disaster Or another reason. The repopulation, therefore, consists in planting these species again or in planting others so that the area returns to have vegetation .
Other objectives that are implicit in the process of reforestation can be located in the following two groups: producers (They are oriented to produce direct goods or raw materials, such as wood, fruits or cork); protectors (When you seek to obtain indirect benefits that derive from the simple existence of the set of woody vegetables that are in the area to be repopulated, such as wildlife conservation or soil protection).
One of the fundamental steps when carrying out a reforestation plan is the choice of the species , something that depends directly on the definition of the objectives, according to the characteristics outlined in the previous paragraph. The process of choosing species It is divided into three stages: the first and the second revolve around the characteristics of the current season, also taking care of certain ecological factors; the third, on the other hand, aims to respect the economic criteria.
Having chosen the species (s), the indication of their origin or ecotype becomes necessary, that is, to record the place in which they have obtained the seeds ; Thanks to this detailed information it is possible to establish certain forecasts about the characteristics of the plant set that you want to create.
The idea of restocking can also be associated with the process that leads to re-populate a place that has been abandoned or whose original settlers have been expelled or annihilated . Restocking, in this case, implies that a certain amount of people be installed in a certain site.
Suppose a rural town begins to lose inhabitants after the railroad stops reaching it. By not receiving trains, the economy local ended up ruining and the villagers left. Thus it became what is known as a ghost town . Given this situation, the provincial government promotes the repopulation of the town, granting loans to the families that are installed there and supporting them so that they can develop different productive activities.
Sometimes the reason for the population decline is related to some natural catastrophe or a major accident that has occurred due to the negligence of a construction company, for example. After an emergency situation, which may also be due to a crime wave, the appeal of a neighborhood It can disappear in a very short time, and all the inhabitants who find the opportunity to leave usually do so.
When an area has been stigmatized for any of the reasons just stated, among others, restocking work can be very difficult and require a joint effort between government bodies and private companies that find Benefits in convincing people to move there.