In the field of philosophy , the values Are the qualities that make a reality esteemed or not. These values can be negative or positive, and qualify as lower or higher according to their hierarchy.
The concept of human values, in this sense, refers to those ideas that most cultures share regarding what is considered right. These values are the ones that exalt the human being : that is, they place the species on a plane of superiority thanks to morality.
A human value, therefore, is a virtue . Although customs and behaviors change with history, it is considered that there are values that should (or should) remain unchanged since they are what define man as a species. Human values are responsible for guiding and directing the action of people who want to do the right thing.
There is no specific list of human values, since their definition may vary according to the philosopher or the thinker who proposes them as a result of their research. However, there are many values that are usually mentioned without discussion .
The sensitivity It is one of those human values recognized at a general level. It is considered that people they must be sensitive to others, feel empathy and react to the suffering or pain of others.
Other of these values, which are sometimes also called morals, are the honesty , he respect , the responsibility , the gratitude , the puntuality , the prudence , the sincerity , the compassion , he detachment of material things, the loyalty and the humility .
It should be noted that, sometimes, human value is reflected in laws or obligations . In certain contexts, an individual does not choose to be responsible for their mere intention to act "correctly", but also because irresponsibility constitutes a crime; This happens, for example, when we decide not to drink alcohol before driving.
And here we enter into a controversial terrain, where the essence of human values is questioned: if they were intrinsic to our nature, then we should not need the rigor to respect them. We live immersed in different systems that offer us a supposed order in exchange for our freedom , and this generates a feeling of frustration and drowning that grows slowly within us and leads us to breach the rules very often.
On the other hand, we do not understand the true meaning of freedom , since it is not about the right to go through the Earth as we please, but it represents a series of obligations, headed by the following: not attempt against the balance of nature .
Until people learn to respect the rest of animals and plants, it is no use reciting a list of human values by heart, such as "not stealing, showing gratitude and compassion to others." An individual who encloses and torture a group of animals and then kill them and sell their body in pieces can not say with a high head that has values, nor can someone who adopts a dog and takes him for a walk on the asphalt, tied and muzzle .
Western cultures focus too much on avoiding incest and polygamy, normal things in many other animal species, but they are not afraid to enclose and exploit cows, pigs, horses, chickens and dogs, among many other victims of our cruelty ; We don't kill our neighbor because that represents a crime, but we do shoot a fox if it enters our farm.
In short, we should not wait for an official statement to tell us what human values we should download on our mobile phone, but look inside us, in our wildest corner, our most human corner .