The mangroves are land which, when the tide rises, remain covered with water . In these areas there are estuaries that give rise to numerous islands, in which species of flora that subsist in salt water develop.
Considered biomes , the mangroves are in subtropical or tropical regions , both on the coast and in estuaries. They usually stand out for their rich biodiversity , with an abundant presence of mollusks, fish and other animals.
It is important to mention that the denomination of mangrove comes from mangrove , which is a shrub of the group of rhizophoresis that can reach a height of up to four meters. Mangroves have hanging branches that take root and intertwine, creating networks that serve as a refuge for various species .
In mangroves there is usually a large number of mangroves. These bushes work like natural barrier against the wind and even provide protection against the advance of the waves. That's why they are very valuable to stop the erosion .
He mangrove of Madagascar , for example, is on the east west coast country African. It covers an area of about 5,500 square kilometers and constitutes the habitat of the green turtle, the Nile crocodile and the Malagasy heron, among other beings.
The mangroves of Piura , also called San Pedro Mangroves or vice mangroves , are in the River mouth of the Piura river , in Peru . They live a large number of shorebirds.
Other mangroves of ecological relevance are the New Guinea mangroves , in Oceania . The flora and the fauna of this region are very varied.