Identity is a word of Latin origin (identitas) which allows reference to own feature set of a subject or of a community . These characteristics differentiate an individual or a group from others. The identity is also linked to the awareness that a person has about himself.
National identity, meanwhile, is a social, cultural and spatial condition ; these are features that have a relationship with a political environment since, generally, nations are associated with a State (although not always so).
The nationality It is a concept close to national identity. People born in Brazil, for example, are Brazilian nationals and have legal documents proving that condition. These individuals, therefore, have Brazilian identity.
However, the most symbolic aspect of the notion may vary in each case. A person born in Brazil (has Brazilian nationality) and at five years of age goes abroad, may lose or neglect, over time, his national identity. If said subject, after spending his first five years of life in Brazil, lives the next forty years in Australia, never returning to his homeland, he is likely to maintain his nationality from the legal point of view, but not their social or cultural identity.
In other cases, national identity may exist without being certified by a legal document . Gypsies can talk about national identity even though their nation It does not have its own territory or a State that protects them as a social collective. A man, therefore, can have Spanish or any other nationality and gypsy identity.
Taking up the pure concept of identity, it is important to highlight that one of your nuances Fundamental is the vision that a person has about their own characteristics, how they think others perceive it when they see it, when they hear it, when they deal with it. It is precisely this aspect so personal, so private, that affects unquestionably the rigidity of national identity; It is not even necessary to have lived in a country to feel part of it, even if this does not happen very frequently.
While the exchange cultural It has taken place for hundreds of years, as you can see by researching the life of writers and composers, technological advances in the field of communications increasingly facilitate the approach to other lands without having to move from their own. The Internet allows us to learn in a way that only a few years ago only science fiction could describe, and this affects a wealth that weakens more and more the chains that separate one nation from another.
For those who were born in the era of television, words of foreign origin such as "stop" or "play" were never strange; In the same way, they have been able to incorporate "email", "Internet" and "streaming", among many other terms, to adapt to the growing possibilities offered by technology. Something similar happens with musical genres: a couple of Japanese dancing tango in a Kyoto theater is as common as a Spanish performing a rap written by himself, in his own language.
How much national identity remains in these last two examples? If you take into account the amount of hours needed to train in a discipline such as dance or singing, in the case of a person who dedicates his life to study a created style thousands of kilometers from your home, in another era, with an absolutely different sociocultural context and in another language, surely these people do not have much time available for nenbutsu dance or the flamenco singing. The question is, therefore, whether national identity is necessary, or positive.