The etymology of out takes us to the Latin word forum, which can be translated as "forum" . The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) recognizes almost a dozen meanings of the term.
The jurisdiction may be a jurisdiction : the power of application of legal norms in specific cases. Also called fuero al Legal status which applies in a specific location.
The fueros can be competitions to which the parties to a dispute are submitted. These powers are the corresponding ones by virtue of right .
The most frequent use of the concept today is linked to the extraordinary jurisdiction that is granted to an individual under a position . In this case, the privileges are privileges : It is a benefit that only certain people enjoy and not the common one.
The parliamentary privileges , in this framework, they are privileges available to members of a Democratic parliament . Those who represent the population in these estates have a certain immunity while exercising their function.
These fueros arose to guarantee the separation of powers and prevent the persecution of parliamentarians opposing the government. Without the privileges, a senator or a deputy could be accused of a non-existent crime and thus, in the context of a process, be separated from public life. That is why parliamentarians are granted privileges, which prevent them from being prosecuted or imprisoned, for example.
However, this privilege granted to legislators can be taken advantage of by leaders who, in order to avoid the advancement of legal cases against them, present themselves to elections with the aim of entering Parliament and thus obtaining privileges to protect them.
With respect to the origins of the jurisdiction, we must go back to the time of the Muslim conquest of Hispania, which took place during the first part of the eighth century and is considered the birth of the kingdoms most important of the Iberian Peninsula. This event led to the end of the unity that the Visigothic kingdom had obtained through the so-called Liber Ludiciorum, a body of laws that was promulgated in the mid-seventh century and had territorial character.
In each part of the territory the legal response was different, since it depended on the events that took place in front of said breaking off . Then the reconquest of the peninsula began, something that brought about the creation of several Christian kingdoms and the emergence of a new, diverse and plural Law, whose main characteristic was its local nature.
Christian kings and secular lords decided to give certain privileges in areas with special strategic or economic value, with the aim of attracting a greater number of settlers. In this way they managed to strengthen border security and promote their developing economic. The name that received the documents in which said privileges that preceded the privileges were mentioned is village letters.
Decades and centuries passed, until the beginning of the second millennium approached, when the authorities began to fix local law in writing. For this they collected the rules from several precedents they developed a new form of letters with real privileges that were called in Latin (chartae libertatis and chartae fori are some of the names) although scholars call them brief briefs since its extension does not exceed the limits of the diploma in which they were written.
In the fueros the customs of the different localities were reflected along with the privileges that the kings received from them and the group of provisions that guaranteed the preservation of the clergy, the vassalage and the nobility of each zone.