He conflict It defines the set of two or more hypothetical situations that are exclusive: this means that they cannot occur simultaneously. Therefore, when a conflict arises, a confrontation , a Fight , a fight or one discussion , where one of the parties involved tries to impose itself on the other.
If we define the term from a simple point of view, we can say that a conflict is a situation in which two or more people they disagree with the way of acting of an individual or a group. For this situation to exist, there must be a disagreement that has not been resolved. For example: If a couple wishes to go to a vacation place and the other to a different place there is disagreement, if they agree to chat and solve the problem by mutual agreement, then the conflict does not occur, otherwise, if neither arm twists, yes.
For german Ralf Dahrendorf , a conflict is a universal situation that can only be solved from a social change. Karl Marx , for its part, located the origin of the conflict in the dialectic of materialism and in the class struggle.
The existing theories about social conflict allow us to understand the need to have a certain order within the society , whose members must be integrated. For this, consensus policies must be developed and coercion actions implemented.
The conflict can be analyzed from different perspectives at the social level. In general it is understood through the moral wave Justice , with negative consequences since it can destroy or even disintegrate a society. It can be accepted, however, that the conflict has a positive function thanks to its dynamism (promotes social change).
Out of the politics or sociology, we can understand the conflict as something much more everyday and without great effects. A couple arguing about domestic money management, a student facing their teacher for a bad grade or two friends fighting over football issues will be experiencing a conflict.
There are many types of conflicts , one way to classify them is to: unilateral and bilateral . A conflict is unilateral when only one party disagrees and bilateral when all parties expect something from the other.
Take the case of a tenant who does not pay his rent. If you simply do not do it because you do not have the money, then the conflict is unilateral because the problem is the owner, but if you do not do it because you expect the owner to comply with a certain agreement, such as fixing the heating or a leak, then the conflict It is bilateral because they both need something from the other side to feel satisfied.
For a conflict to occur it is necessary that there are underlying causes They may be conscious or unconscious. Somewhere or somehow it has to arise and those causes can be deep or superficial, according to that importance the conflict will be more or less serious . Always conflicts originate from something.
If we return to the tenant and landlord conflict we can say, if the reasons for the default are that the landlord must fix something, then the reasons are conscious, if it is because he has simply begun to forget to pay, there may be an unconscious cause that may have originated for reasons that at first glance do not exist. A hypothetical example can be: the tenant met the owner in the supermarket and he did not greet him, which was uncomfortable and even annoying. With the passage of time he left that anecdote in the past, until the incident presented unconscious causes of a conflict, and led him to stop paying his rent.
In addition, a conflict can be of type personal or structural . Personal conflicts to develop need individuals with certain feelings and ideas at stake; while the structural ones are endemic to specific circumstances in a group of people, they are generic conflicts . In any case, it is not so simple to differentiate them, because for structural conflicts to exist, it is necessary for individuals to be involved and create the problem.
Within a structural conflict, it is necessary that those involved intervene not to interfere with their own feelings and / or ideas, but instead seek the resolution of the problem in favor of the group. This means that the elements in a structural dispute are previously established . For example, if it is a conflict between two culturally different groups, it must be understood beforehand that you cannot try to change the nature of the other party, nor its reactions, otherwise you would be faced with a conflict that would have no solution.
Examples where the term may appear: "The conflict broke out when the player refused to occupy the position indicated by his coach", "The president announced that the border conflict has already been resolved", "I have a conflict with my father because I arrived home late without warning".