A computer center , data processing center , data center or data center is it an entity, office or Department which is responsible for the processing of data and information in a systematic way. The processing is carried out with the use of computers that are equipped with the hardware and the software necessary to accomplish this task. Usually, these computers are networked and have an Internet connection.
Another definition of computer center refers to the unit that is responsible for the design and implementation of systems within a company In this case, it is an area whose purpose is to facilitate the work of the rest of the units. The training of users, the maintenance of computer equipment and the development of feasibility studies are among its missions.
There are special occasions that merit the installation of a computer center: for example, in the case of elections . The computer center is the place from where the vote count is made and the results are issued.
When elections are held, the computer center functions as a large information system that meets the four main activities of this type of system: entry of information (the entry of data into the system), the storage of the data (usually on servers), your processing (sum of votes, estimate of percentages, etc.) and the exit of information (through a screen or prints).
It is a large building or office where a large number of computers and other equipment is stored, and its founders are generally large Business They have the need to store and process a considerable volume of information. Depending on the size of the organization, several computer centers may be available. One of the main characteristics of these establishments is the equipment preservation at a physical level, and for this very particular designs and care are used when building them.
First, a geographical place must be selected, for which different points are taken into account:
* how much the land costs, how much the rates and fees of the different insurances that should be contracted rise;
* How well connected is the area in question and how well served by electrical provision and communication services, being Internet the most important today;
* history of fires, floods, earthquakes and all kinds of natural disasters, as well as robberies and other attacks of the human being;
Other details that must be taken into account are the height of the floors and the width of the doors, and the building must be provided with means to face any incident that threatens the safety of the equipment, being fires and floods the most common. In turn, since refrigeration is a fundamental point in a place where a large number of computers, an air conditioning system cannot be missing, and it is important that the orientation of the building protects the center from extreme solar heat in times of high temperatures.
It should be clarified that while the information that is processed in computer centers is usually of great importance for organizations, the functions that take place in their equipment are not always of a high complexity; on the contrary, it is generally mere databases that perform counts or data control, and not cutting-edge research centers. In addition, the people in charge of entering such data must spend long hours tirelessly repeating a simple and monotonous task, which does not require any particular skill, but rather an unwavering patience and constancy.