Superlative (from Latin superlatīvus) is an adjective that mentions something very big and out of the ordinary, with a maximum degree of excellence For example: “Roger Federer showed for years a superlative level that allowed him to lead the world rankings”, “The boy made a superlative effort and walked more than twenty kilometers in the snow to find his father”, “It was a superlative show, with two hundred artists on stage”.
Specifically, we could establish that the use of the superlative is used in cases where it is desired to clearly record the difference between two or more elements. It is important to know that to establish that one must resort to what the defined article is mandatory.
A clear example of this nuance that we have established is the following sentence: "Juan is the smartest of the students in the Physics and Chemistry class."
It should also be made clear that the superlative can also be formed using the adverb of quantity "very", which will be placed before the adjective in question. An example of this could be the phrase that we expose you below: "Eva is very tall compared to girls of the same age".
It is known as superlative to degree that acquire the adjectives to name the aforementioned characteristics. The regular superlatives are formed by adding the suffix extremely to the root of the adjective in positive degree (great, soaring, delicious, etc.): "Juan is a terrific boy who never makes his parents renege", "My Physical Education teacher is a very tall man who plays basketball", “I congratulate you, the food is delicious”.
In addition to all of the above, it must also be made clear that there is a series of adjectives in Spanish that clearly do not support the formation of the superlative using a suffix. Among those we could highlight the following: heroic, close, Catholic, former or blind, among many others.
So, to be able to make their superlative, in that case what you have to do is place them before the aforementioned adverb very. That means, therefore, that the next superlative is not very close, if not very close.
It is also important to keep in mind that under no circumstances can superlatives be formed using the two formulas mentioned, that is, with a suffix and also with the adverb very.
The Irregular superlatives , instead, they can have their own form (supreme, minimum) or substantially modify the root of the adjective (fortissimo, ancient): "With a supreme speech, the candidate conquered the vast majority of voters", "It is minimal damage if we consider the impact violence", “I don't like this drink, it's very strong and I don't usually drink alcohol”, "Be careful with that object: it is ancient and worth thousands of dollars".
Superlatives can also differentiate between absolute superlatives (indicate the highest degree of the adjective) and relative superlatives (They refer to the maximum or minimum degree of the adjective, but only within a set): “The weather conditions are optimal, they could not be better”, “Put on your most formal dress and accompany me to the party”.