The etymology of watercolor takes us to acquarella , a word of the Italian language. A watercolor is a painting that is reflected on a paperboard or a paper whose colors are diluted in Water . The concept also allows us to refer to colors used in this type of paints and to this kind of artistic technique usually.
Historians believe that watercolor emerged a century before Christ in China , when the paper began to develop. The Arabs, during the XII century , led the paper production of Asia to Europe and so with the weather , the watercolor is installed in the Old continent . Thus, among European artists, the technique of watercolor succeeded the fresco. The German Albrecht Dürer and the italian Raffaello Santi They were some of the pioneers of watercolor in that region.
Watercolor paints are made with different pigments that usually bind with gum arabic . Water is a very important component in this technique since, according to the quantity used, more or less transparent colors are obtained. The type of paper also affects the result of the work. Artists often choose paper according to texture and tension, taking into account their work plan.
On the other hand, gum arabic is a sticky and amorphous substance that certain plants exude and that when coming into contact with the air becomes hard. Although it is not soluble in alcohol, it is in water, and is used as a thickener in the pharmaceutical and gastronomic industries. In the case of cooking, it is ideal to give elasticity to certain dishes and desserts, such as marzipan and jelly beans, although it also serves to give texture Suitable for certain drinks.
Watercolor is based on washes that the artist applies. With a rag, a sponge or a brush, it is possible to provide or remove water, achieving greater or lesser transparency. Sometimes, a great transparency of the painting is sought so that the paper Bring the luminosity.
Tips to start painting with watercolor
Watercolor is a material Especially versatile, and this can result in the first experience being very rewarding or very frustrating, since everything depends on the objectives we set and the way in which we approach the technique.
One tip that teachers usually give their students is not to think so much about the results they want to get, but let go and enjoy every step ; In addition, we should never pretend to make a masterpiece from good to first. That is why it is important to be patient and face learning with perseverance , knowing in advance that it will take many tests to get a satisfactory product.
With respect to the medium, it is recommended to use a sheet of paper of considerable thickness. The first step is to make a pencil sketch, without pressing much, so that it is possible to make as many corrections as we want. As mentioned in the previous paragraph, we should not seek perfection or point to a high degree of complexity: few elements, simple and shocking , It is a good starting point.
Once we have the pencil design ready, it is time to prepare and apply the watercolor. Ideally, place a small amount on the palette, slightly moisten the Brush and dilute the paint with a few drops of water, until it reaches the appropriate thickness for handling. Throughout the process, we must let the sheet dry, in order to work in several layers, among other things.