Protein It is a notion that derives from the Greek language and allows you to name a certain type of substance found in the cells . It's about a biopolymer composed by amino acids that appear chained. These amino acids, in turn, are formed by peptide bonds .
Due to the functions they develop, proteins are essential for the existence of lifetime . There are proteins that help protect the body, others are responsible for regulating metabolism, etc.
The class of proteins present in cells is determined, in large part, by the genes . The genetics It is also responsible for indicating how protein synthesis develops, although there are external conditions that modify these issues.
Among the components of proteins, are the nitrogen , he hydrogen , he oxygen and the carbon . Other components are variable and depend on the protein in question.
It is possible to classify proteins in various ways. The simple proteins , the derived proteins and the conjugated proteins They arise according to the different chemical and physical properties. When the form is analyzed, however, proteins can be distinguished between globular proteins , fibrous proteins and mixed proteins .
The incorporation of proteins to organism it develops through the feeding . Consumption of dairy products , vegetables , meats , vegetables and cereals For example, they provide different types of proteins that allow the development and care of the body. A poor or unbalanced diet can cause a lack of protein, generating various health disorders.
Vegans do not consume any animal products, so dairy and eggs are also excluded from their diet; However, as It has been tested more than once , eating vegetables is enough for optimal health. Below are some of the products vegetables with more proteins:
* soy : without a doubt, one of the eternal protagonists of the vegetarian diet, especially for its versatility . Soy is used in the preparation of a large number of different foods, such as Vegetable meat, soup, fillings for empanadas and dressings . In addition to its protein content, which can play an important role in preventing heart problems, it is a product with many functional properties, such as its ability to texturize and emulsify;
* Pumpkin seeds : another essential food when cooking a vegetarian dish. Just like soy, pumpkin seeds can be used in various ways, both to season other foods such as salads, vegetarian cheeses and smoothies . It is important to keep in mind that it is a product high in fat and calories, so it is not recommended to serve it in large quantities. his content in proteins it is equivalent to 30% of its composition;
* lentils : Although lentils do not have complete proteins, since they lack the amino acid methionine, it is still a rich and necessary product for a good diet. It is worth mentioning that this lack can simply be filled with rice, to increase the value nutritious of the dishes Other benefits include its contribution of vitamins B1, B3 and B6, in addition to fiber, and its low lipid content;
* seitan : its name is not usually present in diets that include animal products, unlike the previous three, but seitan is a food rich in protein, very tasty and with an ideal texture for the elaboration of meat imitations . Its base is wheat gluten and is present in a host of dishes vegetarians , especially in those that the rest of the people would make with meat, such as snacks, empanadas and soups.