The concept of fact , Latin derivative term factus, lets describe what happens , the Actions, the work or issue to which reference is made. To give some examples of use: "Eight people were arrested following the criminal act at the bank", "I don't care about that, the fact is that you are lying again", "There was a fact that changed the life of the famous athlete", "It was not such an important fact".
It should be noted that fact also refers to what is mature, concluded, formed, finished or constituted: "With compensation of that caliber, I'm done", “In this city there are many people badly done”, "I am proud to affirm that my father is a well-made man, despite what certain malicious rumors say".
The notion allows, on the other hand, to perform comparisons motivated by similarities or similarities : "You are made a tiger!", "You don't know how my boyfriend got when he discovered me: I was made a beast", “With dirty clothes and that hair, you are made a lineman”.
Also a scientific fact It is, according to logical empiricism, an observation that can be verified and considered as objective. These facts, therefore, can be identified with the observations. A journalistic fact On the other hand, it is a situation that, due to its characteristics, has social relevance and deserves to be disseminated in a medium of communication massive.
A legal fact , on the other hand, it is a transcendent event in the field of right . Any legal norm is born after presupposing a certain fact in order to regulate the effects that it has in the field of law. This budget that drives legal norms constitutes, therefore, the legal fact.
It is known as Acts or Acts of the Apostles to the fifth book of New Testament . The authorship of this text of the Bible It is attributed to Lucas.
De facto governments
A government which is not constitutionally based expressly, which arises from a rupture such as a coup d'etat or a revolution, without responding to the legal system, is called in fact. It must be obeyed by the inhabitants of a country, regardless of their ideals or their will, since it is imposed through threats and violence. It is classified into two types:
general: who controls the territory state In its whole;
local: although it points to the same level of domain that the first, due to the opposition of certain groups, gets a partial influence. In this case, a government of law and one in fact take place simultaneously, with the constant struggle that this entails.
Since a government in fact appears after an extra-legal event, the legal system that exists until before its emergence experiences a necessary break, be it total or partial. The first case is common when there is a revolution, since those who obtain the victory aspire to modify at the root the political, economic and social bases. The second, for example, usually takes place after a coup d'etat and most of the rules are still in force.
One of the most striking characteristics of this type of government is that the creation of legal norms does not follow the traditionally established steps, given the imposed and forced nature of the mandate, which has a power absolute and unquestionable. However, these rules are not always radically different from the previous ones, except when there has been a revolution.
A government in fact assumes the Constituent Power and the Constitutional Powers (the Executive, the Legislative and the Judicial). While it is common to delegate the administration of the latter to other bodies for technical reasons, you can resume them whenever you want.