Ablution is a concept which comes from the Latin word ablutĭo. The notion refers to act of washing (clean or purify) and usually applied specifically to purifying rites They carry out certain religions.
He Christianity , he Judaism , he Islam and the Hinduism are among the religions that, in different contexts, appeal to ablution. He christian baptism , for example, includes the ablution of the baptized with water.
In the case of Judaism , there is space called mikve , where the faithful submerge themselves in water to perform ablution. The Muslims , meanwhile, undergo ablation before salat (daily prayers).
Each ablution ritual has its own characteristics. In the case of the aforementioned ablution of Judaism, it must be developed in a place where water flows and is not stagnant. This allows the person achieved its purification after it had been in contact with something impure.
Although ablution is usually done with Water , in some cases the use of solid elements to achieve purification. Those Muslims who live in desert areas and who have reduced access to water, can perform ablution with stones or earth. In this way they replace the water with elements that are within their reach, achieving in the same way the purification that is sought through the ritual.
Muslims, on the other hand, differentiate between small ablutions and big ablutions according to the type of action That motivates the rite. The purification that is done before salat is a small ablution.
Ablution and Salat
To carry out the salat, it is necessary to have performed the cleanliness staff and have clean clothes. According to the rules of religion, it is mandatory to bathe after having had sexual intercourse and, in the specific case of women, after giving birth or during the days of the menstrual cycle.
It should be mentioned that ablution is only mandatory if certain terms , although most of them are practically impossible to avoid, since they include having slept, urinating or having touched the sexual organ of the spouse with the hand.
To proceed with ablution it is required that the person feel the legitimate intention, what is called An'nia; It is not something that should be expressed through words, but rather a feeling of true commitment to practice.
It is known by the name of oudu'e to the method to carry out the ablution, which is described below:
* a prayer that exalts the name of Allah and mentions his clemency and mercy must be pronounced;
* wash your palms three times;
* rinse your mouth, also three times;
* bring water to the nose with the right hand, inspire to make it enter the body and then expel it on the left hand, to wash the nostrils. This step must be repeated three times;
* wash your face completely, and then the region of the arms that goes from the elbows to the hands, starting with the right arm, all three times;
* moisten the hands and run them through the head, from the forehead to the neck and vice versa, only once;
* insert the index finger into each ear and use the thumb to rub the outside;
* starting with the right leg, wash up the feet and until reaching the ankle, three times each;
* to carry out the prayer that the Prophet taught to the faithful, which includes the phrase "peace and blessings of Allah be upon him".
Once all these steps have been completed, it is possible to use a towel or a piece of absorbent paper to dry the body parts that have remained wet .